Electrical engineers develop, test, and supervise the manufacturing of electrical equipment including electric motors, machinery controls, lighting, radar, navigation systems, and more. Many electrical engineers design the electrical systems of aircraft and automobiles. Areas of specialization for electrical engineers include power systems engineering and electrical equipment manufacturing.
Geological engineers, sometimes referred to as mining engineers, find and prepare minerals, metals, and coal to be used in manufacturing industries. They may design open and underground mines and supervise mine construction, devise means of transporting minerals to manufacturing plants, and evaluate the safety and environmental soundness of the mines. Some geological engineers develop operations to separate minerals from the dirt or rock, while others design new mining equipment.
Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering disciplines, and mechanical engineers perform a wide range of tasks. They research, design, develop, manufacture, and test engines, machines, tools, and other mechanical devices. They may work in manufacturing, technical sales, agricultural production, or maintenance. Mechanical engineers often design tools used by other engineers.
Civil engineers are responsible for designing and supervising the construction of roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and water supply and sewage systems. They must be mindful of government regulations and potential environmental hazards. Civil engineers encompass many specialties, including structural design, water resources, construction, transportation, and geotechnical engineering.
Industrial engineers determine how to most effectively utilize people, machines, materials, information, and energy in production or service industries. They are concerned with maximizing efficiency by lowering expenditures while raising productivity. Industrial engineers design manufacturing and information systems to help meet these goals.
Chemical engineers apply the principles of chemistry along with physics, mathematics, and related disciplines to the production or use of chemicals and other products. They design chemical manufacturing equipment, plan and test manufacturing methods, and supervise production. They may also work in other including energy production, electronics, food, and paper manufacturing, as well as health care, biotechnology, and business services.
Environmental engineers help develop solutions to environmental issues such as water and air pollution, recycling, and waste disposal through the use of biology and chemistry principles. They conduct hazardous water management studies and develop regulations, design municipal water supply and industrial waste water treatment systems, research the environmental impact of proposed construction, and perform quality control checks.
Landscape architects add beauty to our world by designing gardens, public parks, shopping centers, residential areas and more. They also work to restore wetlands, stream corridors, mined areas, and forested land. Landscape architects work closely with commercial and residential building architects; they also interact with surveyors, engineers, and environmental scientists.